The third part of our series is devoted entirely to the content of a scientific work.

In the first two parts we have already clarified the formal questions on the subject of “scientific work”. Now you know how to research literature and structure your work formally. The last part is all about the content of your masterpiece and the scientific writing.

Content structure of a housework

Scientific work is the most objective argumentation, discussing, discussing, referencing and quoting a specific question. Your own contribution should be to look at the topic from a new perspective, to bring together different research perspectives and to develop your own theses on the question.

You can also refer to questions raised in the associated seminar. But then this should not happen in the form: “Like Mr. Prof. Dr. med. … said…”. Make an effort to include the questions raised in the seminar as scientifically relevant questions and critically accept the interpreter. But do not forget the source proof! The goal is a scientific analysis with clear statements. Therefore, you should formulate your theses in advance and define the task.


The introduction is not about the representation of the obvious. The best way to start with an explanation of the relevance of the topic, which shows that you have studied intensively with the topic (even if your lecturer has actually given the topic). Following is a discussion of the problem, thoughts on the literature with important preparatory work, the justification of the structure, the mention of their own theses and the methods and objectives of the work. Although discharges are to be kept relatively short, you should at least bring a 3/4 page to paper.


In the main part, it is most important to focus on the result. There must always be a red thread that supports and makes comprehensible your own theses from the introduction. The researcher theses that have been picked up serve as a basis for argumentation, whereby here it is important to question the positions critically. Simple recitation does not make sense, because your task is finally to see and assemble the different opinions of researchers in a new perspective (ie in the perspective of your own question).

Conclusion / conclusion

In conclusion you summarize your results again. It is favorable, in order to round off the topic, to give still a small outlook or to note, in which direction one should further research.

Proofreading and formatting the housework

If you have proofread all of your own text, you should give it to friends or classmates for review. Even if they are not very familiar with the topic, they can help you with mistakes in spelling, expression and commas.

If everything fits so far, you only have to format your work. You set the desired page layout with appropriate margins (depending on the specification, mostly: left at least 3 cm, right about 3 cm, 2-2.5 at the top and bottom) and check again font, line spacing and justified. Make sure that your footnotes are as close as possible to the corresponding page and not one line of a chapter is at the top or bottom of the page alone.

Then it’s time to take a deep breath, because the worst you have definitely put behind you. Finally, you have to print your work only at home or in the Copy Shop and put it in a presentable folder. Then you can hand your housework to your professor and be happy that it’s finally done.

Little tip for last:

Pick up your work again with your Prof and discuss it with him again. Lecturers must read and assess the work submitted and must not automatically issue a certificate, even if unfortunately this is becoming more and more a custom. Insist on a meeting so that you can avoid any mistakes next time and receive confirmation of your performance.


There is no master yet fallen from the sky. Cheer up, with each new job it will be a little easier for you.

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