How do I write a scientific paper? In the first part of our series about the scientific work you will learn everything about organization and literature research for a housework in your studies.

The scientific work accompanies you throughout your studies. From the housework for a seminar to the final thesis. But not only chores are laborious. It is also quite difficult to write the most general guide to writing scientific papers. Because most universities, even faculties, all have different guidelines. Nevertheless, there are a few things to keep in mind when writing homework.

Organizational tips for writing a term paper

The alpha and omega of scheduling housework for study is time management. If you want to deliver your work on time, you should go to the Bibo in good time. Because the search, selection and reading of the specialist literature usually take the longest.

Tips for literature research for a term paper

As a first clue for the literature search you can make the literature mentioned in the seminar and sift through it. If you have worked so far into your topic, it is important to find a suitable question as a basis for the housework. This should be a partial excerpt of the topic, which has raised a wide-ranging research discussion.

Take a look at the bibliography of the seminar literature, because most of the time you will already find important literature that will help you to concretize your topic. Then you research on your computer in the OPAC of your university library and create a list of relevant literature. Do not forget to note the respective locations!

Locally you’ll pick out the appropriate works and see all those that you find useful. Even a simple walk through various library shelves can sometimes be very successful. Make sure, however, that it’s all about newer literature – look for relevant works, relevant literature and essays. For conceptual uncertainties you consult a dictionary.

If, despite your best efforts, you find little literature, you should not seek the blame on the lecturer and put your head in the sand, but rather see it as a challenge and take action yourself. In addition to the research in your university library, interlibrary loan and internet research can also be considered. If nothing works, just talk to your Prof, who can give you some good tips on relevant literature.

When the research phase is completed, it is then necessary to read the literature, to understand, to create a systematics and to excerpt. The passages that you absolutely want to use should be copied (if you are not allowed to borrow the books) and then carefully labeled (author, title, place and year of publication, circulation, page numbers). This will save you the later transition into the Bibo, if something should get mixed up.

Now you have to deal with your literature properly. Footnotes referring to primary and secondary literature support your housework, because it is about a scientific review of the topic. Nobody requires you to reinvent the wheel and work on the subject yourself. Nevertheless, you should be able to also practice constructive criticism. So do not just ignore literature that may not be consistent with your opinion, but also take other approaches, even if they are bad or useless. Discuss controversies and pros and cons, and show that you have familiarized yourself with the whole research environment.

Language and style of a housework

The secret of the style is a scientific and factual style that is nevertheless understandable. So not just retelling but discussing, analyzing, explaining and interpreting the different approaches. In order not to artificially protract, you should try to omit the superfluous in general.

However, what is really relevant to your topic should also be mentioned in your scientific paper. If this is not possible (for reasons of space, etc.), then explain in the introduction, why important aspects in your work can not be treated.

Furthermore, a scientific paperwork course, of course, a correct syntax and spelling. Many underestimate this, but as a rule, the lecturers attach great importance to it. Foreign-language words that are not in the dictionary are in italics in the current text of your scientific paper as well as work title. When printing, it is important not to make any final sentences. These confuse the reader quickly and prevent your work from being thoughtful and logical. In addition, you should strive to not constantly repeat the same phrases, but look in dictionaries for appropriate synonyms and bring variety into play.

Conclusion: With the literature research and evaluation, the most time-consuming steps are already done. In the second part of our series, you will learn how best to put your theses down on paper, how to formally structure a housework, and what to look out for when quoting in a homework assignment. The third part then deals with the content of a scientific work.

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